Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD), also known as Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), is a condition characterized by malfunctioning of the sympathetic nervous system and the immune system. This disorder leads to severe and prolonged pain in one or more limbs, often triggered by injuries or other medical conditions. Timely treatment is crucial to prevent the escalation of symptoms. In this guide, we will delve into the intricacies of RSD, including its subtypes, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options.
Subtypes of RSD
RSD is divided into two main subtypes:
Type I RSD: Develops without nerve trauma.
Type II RSD: Develops following nerve trauma.
Affected Body Parts and Symptoms
RSD typically affects various parts of the body, most commonly the upper limbs. The affected areas may include:
Symptoms associated with RSD encompass:
Pain or burning sensation
Sensitivity to heat or cold
Skin temperature changes
Joint pain and stiffness
Causes and Risk Factors
RSD arises due to a malfunction of the sympathetic nervous system caused by nerve damage. Numerous factors and conditions contribute to the development of RSD, including:
Trauma (fractures, amputation, etc.)
Soft tissue injuries
Certain demographics are more susceptible, including individuals aged 40-60, women, and those with inflammatory/autoimmune conditions.
Diagnosis and Testing
Diagnosing RSD involves a comprehensive approach, as there is no definitive test. Diagnosis is based on medical history, physical exams, and various tests such as bone scans, MRI scans, X-rays, and sympathetic nervous system tests. It’s crucial to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
Early Treatment and Management
Early intervention is pivotal in managing RSD. Treatment approaches include:
Acute Phase: Focus on immobilization and contralateral therapy.
Chronic Phase: Passive physical therapy, therapeutic exercises, and mirror therapy are essential components.
Consult the Best Physiotherapist in Gurgaon
If you’re seeking effective RSD treatment in Gurgaon, Dr. Divya Gaur, our experienced physiotherapist at Physioheal Physiotherapy, is here to help. Our specialized team is equipped to provide comprehensive care tailored to your needs. To schedule an appointment or receive a phone consultation, call +91-9999259307 or book online.