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Trigger Finger: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Physiotherapy Solutions

Welcome to Physioheal Physiotherapy, your partner in promoting optimal hand health and function. In this section, we explore the intricacies of trigger finger, a condition that can cause pain and stiffness in the fingers. Our team of expert physiotherapists specializes in providing tailored treatments to address trigger finger and help you regain pain-free movement and comfort.

What is Trigger Finger?

Trigger finger, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a condition where a finger becomes locked in a bent position, causing discomfort and restricted movement. It gets its name from the snapping sensation that occurs when the finger is straightened, resembling the release of a trigger. This condition stems from inflammation of tissues within the affected finger.

Trigger Finger - Physioheal PhysiotherapyCauses and Mechanism

The fingers’ intricate movement is orchestrated by a network of muscles, tendons, and tissues. The “pulleys” within the fingers facilitate this movement. Trigger finger arises due to inflammation of the A1 pulley, which is located closest to the palm. This condition progresses through stages, with stages 1 and 2 often treatable through physical therapy, while stages 3 and 4 may require surgical intervention.

Risk Factors and Causes

Trigger finger can be caused by a variety of factors:
  • Prolonged Gripping: Activities involving repetitive hand movements, such as gaming or gardening.
  • Health Conditions: Conditions like diabetes increase the likelihood of developing trigger finger.
  • Gender: Women are six times more likely to experience trigger finger.
  • Age: It typically affects individuals aged 50-70, with an average age of 58.

Symptoms and Impact

Trigger finger presents with several noticeable symptoms:
  • Pain and tenderness at the base of the affected finger or palm area.
  • Difficulty straightening the finger, causing problems during everyday tasks.
  • Nodules at the finger bases, restricting movement and causing discomfort.
  • Clicking sound during finger movement due to tendon snagging.
  • Stiffness and swelling, usually in the morning.
  • Occasional locking of the finger during use.
  • A bump or tenderness on the palm of the impacted finger.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for managing trigger finger:
  • Seek professional evaluation if symptoms arise.
  • Your doctor will diagnose and assess the severity of the condition.
  • Mild cases may be treated conservatively with anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections, and splinting.
  • Severe cases may require surgery to cut the pulley and relieve tension.

Physiotherapy for Trigger Finger

Physioheal Physiotherapy offers comprehensive treatment for trigger finger. If you suspect you have a trigger finger and/or related symptoms, it is important to see a physiotherapist or medical professional. Physical therapy is highly beneficial in improving strength and reducing pain. Physiotherapy for trigger finger will focus on helping return your range of movement and strength with an exercise programme whether you have had surgery or not. Wax therapy, hydrotherapy and massage can also help reduce any pain you may have and help improve your movement. Electrotherapy techniques can be used to promote effective healing and these can include ultrasound and laser treatments. Your physiotherapist may choose to splint or tape your finger temporarily to support the area and minimise the risk of re-injury. Other physiotherapy treatments may include:
  1. Soft tissue release
  2. Stretching, strengthening and/or conditioning exercises
  3. Restoring the range of movement
  4. Shockwave therapy
  5. Taping
  6. A unique home exercise program

Consult Our Expert Physiotherapist

If you’re experiencing symptoms of trigger finger, consult Dr. Divya Gaur at Physioheal Physiotherapy for top-notch care. Our specialized physiotherapists focus on restoring pain-free movement and enhancing hand function. To schedule an appointment, call +91-9999259307 or book online. Reclaim the comfort and ease of hand movement with Physioheal Physiotherapy’s dedicated expertise.
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