Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious injury that can affect people of all ages. It is caused by a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. TBI can range from mild to severe, and can have a variety of short-term and long-term effects.
Causes of TBI
The most common causes of TBI are:
Falls: Falls are the leading cause of TBI in adults over the age of 65.
Motor vehicle accidents: Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of TBI in people of all ages.
Sports injuries: TBI can occur in any sport that involves contact, such as football, hockey, and boxing.
Assault: TBI can also be caused by intentional violence, such as a blow to the head with a blunt object.
Symptoms of TBI
The symptoms of TBI can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Mild TBI may cause only temporary symptoms, such as headache, dizziness, and confusion. Severe TBI can cause more serious symptoms, such as coma, seizures, and permanent brain damage. Some common symptoms of TBI include:
Nausea and vomiting
Sensitivity to light and sound
Changes in mood or personality
Diagnosis of TBI
The diagnosis of TBI is usually made based on a combination of the patient’s medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests. A CT scan or MRI can be used to assess the extent of brain damage.
Treatment for TBI
The treatment for TBI depends on the severity of the injury. Mild TBI may not require any treatment, but more severe TBI may require hospitalization and specialized rehabilitation. Treatment for TBI may include:
Rest: It is important to rest the brain after a TBI. This may mean taking time off from work or school.
Medication: Medications may be used to manage pain, nausea, and other symptoms.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to improve balance, coordination, and strength.
Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help to improve the patient’s ability to perform everyday activities.
Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help to improve the patient’s communication skills.
Recovery from TBI
The recovery from TBI can take months or even years. The extent of recovery depends on the severity of the injury. Some people with TBI make a full recovery, while others may have permanent disabilities.
Prevention of TBI
There are a number of things that can be done to prevent TBI, such as:
Wear a helmet when riding a bike or motorcycle.
Use safety belts in cars and other vehicles.
Avoid contact sports if you have a history of head injuries.
Teach your children about the dangers of falls.
Be aware of the signs and symptoms of TBI and seek medical attention immediately if you suspect a head injury.
If you or someone you know has experienced a TBI, it is important to seek help from a qualified healthcare professional. Physioheal Physiotherapy can help you to recover from your TBI and regain your independence. If you are looking for Traumatic Brain Injury treatment in Gurgaon then consult our best physiotherapist Dr. Divya Gaur. Our specialised physiotherapists at Physioheal Physiothrapy in Gurgaon will help identify the appropriate resources, aids, equipment and support. To book an appointment call +91-9999259307, book online or alternatively request a phone consultation.