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Hemiplegia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment | Phyisoheal Physiotherapy

Hemiplegia Treatment – Role of Physiotherapy

Hemiplegia is a condition that results from brain damage or spinal cord injury, causing paralysis on one side of the body. It leads to muscle weakness, impaired muscle control, and stiffness. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the location and extent of the injury.Hemiplegia physiotherapy treatment

Types of Hemiplegia

There are different types of hemiplegia, each with distinct characteristics:

  • Facial Hemiplegia: Paralysis of facial muscles on one side.
  • Spinal Hemiplegia (Brown-Sequard Syndrome): Damage to one side of the spinal cord, resulting in paralysis on the same side and loss of pain sensation on the opposite side.
  • Contralateral Hemiplegia: Paralysis on the opposite side of the brain damage.
  • Spastic Hemiplegia: A type of cerebral palsy affecting one side of the body with constant muscle contractions.
  • Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood: Recurring episodes of hemiplegia affecting one or both sides in young children.

Causes and Symptoms

Hemiplegia can be congenital, onset before or within the first 2 years of life, or acquired, developing later in life. Causes include strokes, brain infections, brain trauma, genetics, and brain tumors. Symptoms may include muscle weakness or stiffness, poor fine motor skills, trouble walking, poor balance, and trouble grabbing objects. Children with hemiplegia may have delayed developmental milestones and tend to use one hand.

Treatment Options

Hemiplegia treatment aims to manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Treatment options depend on the cause and severity of the condition and may involve:

  • Physiotherapy: Developing balance, strength, and coordination through exercises and stretching.
  • Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (mCIMT): Restraining the unaffected side to encourage use of the weaker side.
  • Assistive Devices: Braces, canes, wheelchairs, or walkers to improve mobility and muscular control.
  • Mental Imagery: Imagining movement to activate the brain areas responsible for movement.
  • Electrical Stimulation: Stimulating muscle movement using electrical pads to improve brain plasticity.

Living with Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia is a permanent condition, but with effective treatment and rehabilitation, individuals can improve their symptoms and lead active lives with the help of mobility aids.

At Physioheal Physiotherapy, our team of physiotherapists led by one of the best physiotherapist in Gurgaon, Dr Divya Gaur works together to design personalized treatment plans to address hemiplegia’s challenges. Physioheal stands as the premier destination for top-tier physiotherapy in Gurgaon. As Gurgaon’s leading physiotherapy clinic, we are committed to providing exceptional care under Dr. Divya Gaur’s guidance, making your journey to a pain-free life our primary goal.

If you or a loved one are dealing with hemiplegia, call physioheal on +91-9999259307 or contact us today to explore effective treatment options and enhance your quality of life.

You can also contact us from our contact us page